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Index of Plant Families (5 families in this page)

DIOSCOREACEAE
Yam
IRIDACEAE
Iris
LILIACEAE
Lily
PONTEDERIACEAE
Water-Hyacinth
SMILACACEAE
Catbrier
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DIOSCOREACEAE
R. Br.
( Yam Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Dioecious perennial herbs with subterranean tubers. Leaves cordate or rarely truncate at base, entire. Flowers small, in axillary clusters, spikes or racemes; sometimes the female flowers solitary. Perianth persistent, the male campanulate, 6-lobed, the female deeply lobed or with 6 minute segments, greenish to whitish. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 2 ovules in each loculus; styles 3. Fruit a capsule or berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Dioscorea communis
Black Bryony Brijonja Sewda Apr-May Normal Profile
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images.


IRIDACEAE
Juss.
( Iris Family )
Subfamalies: Iridoideae; Isophysidoideae; Crocoideae; Nivenioideae; Patersonioideae; Geosiridoideae; Aristeoideae

Family Description: Herbaceous perennials, usually with a bulb, corm or rhizome. Leaves usually equitant, ensiform, occasionally linear. Inflorescence terminal, 1- to many-flowered. Perianth petaloid, 6-partite, radially or bilaterally symmetrical, usually with a hypanthial tube. Stamens 3, opposite the outer perianth-segments. Ovary inferior, usually 3-locular and with many ovules. Style 3-lobed, branches entire or divided, sometimes petaloid. Fruit a capsule.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Salisb.) N. E. Br.

Main Synonym :
Antholyza floribunda
African Flag Kasmanti Jan-Apr Normal Profile
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images.
Rafinesque

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Yellow-throated Crocus Żagħfran Selvaġġ Skars Nov-Dec Detailed Profile
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images.
(Jacquin) Klatt

Main Synonym :
Freesia corymbosa
Common Freesia Friżja Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
Miller

Main Synonym :
Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus
Mediterranean Gladiolus Ħabb Il-qamħ Kbir Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
Gussone

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Small Gladiolus,
Southern Gladiolus
Ħabb Il-qamħ Tal-wied Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
Miller

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Field Gladiolus,
Italian Gladiolus,
Cornfield Gladiolus
Ħabb Tal-qamħ Tar-raba Mar-Apr Detailed Profile
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images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Iris germanica subsp. Florentina
Florentine Iris,
Orris Root
Fjurduliż Abjad Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Stinking Iris,
Gladwyn Iris,
Beefsteak Iris
Fjurduliż Tal-Bosk,
Fjurduliż Tal-Buskett,
Fjurduliż Tad-dell
Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Iris x germanica
Garden Iris,
German Iris,
Blue Flag Iris
Fjurduliż Ikħal Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Yellow Iris,
Pale Yellow Iris,
Yellow Flag Iris
Fjurduliż Tal-ilma,
Fjurduliż Isfar
Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
Tineo

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Southern Dwarf Iris,
Dwarf Bearded Iris
Bellus Jan-Mar Detailed Profile
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images.
Todaro

Main Synonym :
Iris pallida
Sicilian Iris Fjurduliż Sqalli Apr-Jun Normal Profile
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images.
Maximowicz

Main Synonym :
Iris fimbriata
Chinese Iris,
Wall Iris,
Japanese Iris
Maltese Name Not Known Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Spanish Iris Fjurduliż Tal-ġonna Mar-May Normal Profile
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images.
(Thunberg) N.E. Brown

Main Synonym :
Anometheca cruenta
African Lapeyrousia Maltese Name Not Known Apr-May Normal Profile
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images.
(L.) Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Gynandriris sisyrinchium
Barbary Nut Iris Fjurduliż Salvaġġ Apr-May Normal Profile
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images.
Sebastiani & Mauri

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Sand Crocus (columnar),
Dark Veined Romulea
Żagħfran ċar,
Żagħfran żgħir,
Żagħfran Tar-Ramel
Feb-Mar Normal Profile
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images.
B├Ęguinot

Main Synonym :
Romulea columnae subsp. melitensis
Maltese Sand Crocus Zagħfran Tal-blat Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Normal Profile
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images.
Tenore

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Sand Crocus (branched) Żagħfran Tal-blat Komuni Feb-Mar Normal Profile
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images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Romulea columnae subsp. rollii
Sand Crocus (Rollii's),
Rolli's Sand Crocus
Żagħfran Tar-Ramel Ta' Rolli Feb-Mar Normal Profile
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images.


LILIACEAE
Juss.
( Lily Family )
Subfamalies: Calochortoideae; Lilioideae; Medeoloideae

Family Description: Perennial herbs, often with bulbs, corms, rhizomes or tuberous roots; sometimes climbers, rarely annuals or small shrubs. Flowers usually in racemes or panicles, more rarely solitary or in cymes or umbels, regular or slightly zygomorphic, usually hermaphrodite. Perianth of two whorls, each of (2-)3(-5) usually petaloid segments, free or variously connate. Stamens usually as many as perianth-segments, free or connate. Ovary 3-locular, superior (very rarely 1-locular or semi-inferior); styles 1 or 3(-5). Fruit a loculicidal or septicidal capsule or a berry.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
Link

Main Synonym :
Tulipa sylvestris subsp. australis
Southern Tulip,
Wild Tulip
Tulipan Selvaġġ Mar-Apr Normal Profile
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images.


PONTEDERIACEAE
Kunth
( Water-Hyacinth Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Perennial, rhizomatous, aquatic herbs. Leaves petiolate. Inflorescence a spike or raceme, subtended by a spathe-like bract. Flowers hermaphrodite, more or less zygomorphic, usually ephemeral. Perianth-segments 6, petaloid, connate at least at the base. Stamens 3 or 6. Ovary superior, 3-locular, or 1-locular by abortion, 1- to many-seeded. Fruit a capsule, tightly invested by the persistent perianth.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type


SMILACACEAE
Vent.
( Catbrier Family )
Conservative synonym: Liliaecea
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Smilacaceae is a family formerely grouped with the Liliaceae and consists of 4 genera sharing about 375 species. They are widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of the Southern Hemisphere, with a few extending into north temperate regions. The familiy differs from the Liliaceae in its viney and 'woody' habit and in the netted venation of the leaves, although it has sometimes been classified within it. It shares the viney habit and prickles on the stems and leaves with the closley related Dioscoriaceae. The Smilacaceae also differs in that it has long, distinctive tendrils in most cases. Leaves are simple, entire and alternate or rarely opposite, often leathery. Sheathing at the leaf base may be modified into stipular tendrils. Flowers are actinomorphic and perfect or unisexual/dioecious. Inflorescence of solitary flowers in axils, or flowers in racemes, spikes or umbels. Hypogynous (rarely epigynous). Usually unisexual (the sexes on separate individuals), and with 6 greenish, whitish, yellowish or brownish tepals, 6 stamens and 1 superior pistil. Fruit is a berry. Seeds with starchless, hard endosperm. Habit is as a prickly, twining herb, shrub or woody vine that has or lacks tendrils. The roots of some species are used medicinally for the treatment of rheumatism and from another species, the stimulant China root is obtained.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Mediterranean Smilax,
Common Smilax,
Rough Smilax
Zalza Pajżana Sep-Nov Detailed Profile
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images.
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