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Index of Plant Families (8 families in this page)

ALISMATACEAE
Water-plantain
CYMODOCEACEAE
Manatee-grass
HYDROCHARITACEAE
Tape Grass
JUNCAGINACEAE
Arrow-grass
POSIDONIACEAE
Posidonia
POTAMOGETONACEAE
Pondweed
RUPPIACEAE
Ditchgrass
ZOSTERACEAE
Eelgrass
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ALISMATACEAE
Vent.
( Water-plantain Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs, usually perennial. Leaves alternate or basal, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, usually bracteate and verticillate in pedunculate umbels, racemes or panicles, occasionally long-pedunculate in leaf-axils. Sepals 3. Petals 3, usually larger than the sepals, often fugacious or deciduous. Stamens 3-numerous, with elongated filaments; anthers opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 3-numerous, spirally arranged or whorled, free or connate at the base; ovules 1-many; styles apical or subventral. Fruit a group of achenes, drupelets or follicles; seeds without endosperm; embryo horseshoe-shaped.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Alisma major
Water Plantain,
Greater Water Plantain,
Mad-dog Weed
Biżbula Tal-Ilma Apr-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
Cosson

Main Synonym :
Alisma bourgaei
Mediterranean Starfruit Plantain Damażonju Mar-May Normal Profile
with

images.


CYMODOCEACEAE
N. Taylor
( Manatee-grass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Description text for this family is under progress and unavailable at the moment ...
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Ucria) Ascherson

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Lesser Neptune Grass Alka Rqiqa,
Ċimodocja
Aug-Sep Normal Profile
with

images.


HYDROCHARITACEAE
Juss.
( Tape Grass Family )
Subfamalies: Hydrocharitoideae; Thalassoideae; Halophiloideae

Family Description: Submerged or floating aquatic herbs, sometimes marine. Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, sheathing at the base or with nodal scales. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, 1 or more together in spathes composed of 1 or 2 free or connate bracts. Sepals 3. Petals 3 or 0. Stamens 2-15, free or connate at the base, occasionally some staminodal; filaments elongated or absent; anthers 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits. Ovary syncarpous, inferior, often attenuated into a filiform beak. ovules on parietal, sometimes intruded placentas; styles 3-15 Fruit dehiscing irregularly or splitting stellately into valves; seeds without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type


JUNCAGINACEAE
Rich.
( Arrow-grass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic or marsh herbs; stems stout. Leaves basal, alternate, linear, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, ebracteate, in pedunculate racemes or spikes. Perianth of 2-6 sepaloid segments. Stamens 3 or 6, often adnate at the base to the perianth-segments; anthers sessile, 2-thecous, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 3 or 6, free or connate, each with 1 ovule; styles short or stigmas sessile. Fruit apocarpous or syncarpous, the fruitlets separating when ripe; seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Loisel) Rouy

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Bulbous Arrowgrass Ħaxixa Tal-baħar Tar-rebbiegħa,
Triglokin Tar-rebbiegħa,
Triklogin Tal-melħ
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Gussone

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Lesser Arrowgrass,
Lax-flowered Bulbous Arrow-grass
Ħaxixa Tal-baħar Tal-ħarifa,
Triglokin Tal-ħarifa
Sep-Nov Detailed Profile
with

images.


POSIDONIACEAE
(Kunth) Lotsy
( Posidonia Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Submerged, marine perennial herbs with creeping rhizomes. Leaves basal, alternate, linear, sheathing at the base. Inflorescence of 1 or more aggregated spikes borne on an elongated peduncle and subtended by leaf-like bracts. Flowers hermaphrodite or the uppermost with a reduced gynoecium, ebracteate. Perianth absent. Stamens 3; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpel 1, ovule 1. Fruit a berry; seeds without endosperm; embryo straight.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(L.) Delile

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Posidonia,
Neptune Grass
Alka,
Posidonja
May-Jun Normal Profile
with

images.


POTAMOGETONACEAE
Dumortier
( Pondweed Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Aquatic herbs, submerged or with floating leaves, occasionally subterrestrial. Stems elongated. Leaves alternate or opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite, ebracteate, in pedunculate spikes. Perianth of 4 unguiculate, sepaloid segments. Stamens 4, adnate at the base to the perianth-segments; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels (1-)4, free or shortly connate at the base, 1-ovulate; styles usually short. Fruitlets drupaceous or achenial. Seeds without endosperm; embryo unciform or spiral (coiled more than 1 complete turn).
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Stuckenia pectinata
Fennel Pondweed,
Ribbon Weed,
Sago Pondweed
Maltese Name Not Known May-Jul Normal Profile
with

images.
Boenninghausen ex Reichenbach

Main Synonym :
Zannichellia palustris var. major
Greater Horned Pondweed Ħarira Tal-widien Jan-Apr Normal Profile
with

images.
Brullo. Giusso del Galdo & Lanfranco

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Maltese Horned Pondweed Ħarira Tal-ilma Ta' Malta Dec-Mar Normal Profile
with

images.


RUPPIACEAE
Horan.
( Ditchgrass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Submerged, perennial herbs of saline water. Leaves narrowly linear, sheathing at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite, small, ebracteate, in 2-flowered, pedunculate spikes; peduncles slender, often accrescent in fruit. Perianth absent. Stamens 2; anthers sessile, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 4(-10), free, with 1 ovule, sessile in flower but usually becoming slender-stipitate in fruit. Fruitlets indehiscent; seeds without endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
Ruppia brachypus
Beaked Tassel Pondweed,
Widgeon-grass
Ruppja Tas-Salini Jan-Dec Normal Profile
with

images.


ZOSTERACEAE
Dumortier
( Eelgrass Family )
Subfamalies: nil.

Family Description: Perennial, submerged marine herbs. Rhizome creeping, with long internodes, bearing at each node 2 or more unbranched roots and a leaf with a short shoot in its axil. Short shoots with several distichous, linear leaves with compressed, sheathing bases. Flowering stems lateral or terminal. Inflorescence enclosed in the sheathing base of a spathe. Flowers with 1 dorsifixed, sessile stamen and 1 unilocular ovary with a style and 2 long, filiform stigmas, arranged alternately on the margin of the flattened axis; perianth absent. Pollen-grains filiform. Ovule 1.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
L.

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Eelgrass Alka Tas-Salini,
Żostera
Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.
Hornemann

Main Synonym :
No main synonyms for this taxon
Dwarf Eelgrass Alka Tal-Pwales,
Żostera Nana
Apr-Aug Normal Profile
with

images.



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