MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   1 Oct 2020      ()
External Links:
 


Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   (White Freesia)


Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba  (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Website FORUM
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Iridaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 2020-Oct-01

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba(G.L.Mey.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt
Published in Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 19: 392 (1896).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Freesia alba (G.L.Mey.) Gumbl..
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

White Freesia, Leichtlin's white Freesia

Maltese name(s) :

Friżja selvaġġa bajda

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

Feb-Mar

Colour of Flowers:

White

Remarks :

Previous records of Freesia refracta from the Maltese Islands are referable to Freesia leichtlinii s. l. and most probably Freesia refracta does not occur in Malta. Some colourful Freesia escapees are instead F. × kewensis. The naturalised Freesia on the Maltese Islands seem to match best with Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba but might constitute of hybridogenous populations between subsp. leichtlinii and subsp. alba (known as F. × hybrida Hort.) and which it is difficult to tell apart from their closely related parents. Nevertheless individuals which look like and presumably are the putative parents have been observed. Further investigations are required to understand these wild populations of Freesia, and unfortunately there is not enough documentation about these taxa.


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated for ornament and naturalized

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Low garigue, disturbed rocky places, rocky ground under afforested areas,

Botanical Description:

Corm, conical in shape, about 10 mm wide at the base, and covered with tunics of finely netted fibres. Leaves numerous, upright, and are sword-shaped, tapering to a sharp point 120-400 mm long and same height as the flowering stems or slightly longer. The flowers are produced in a horizontally bent, 2-8-flowered spike; white, often with a purple flush on the outside, sometimes with a yellow mark on the lowest tepal, and sometimes with purple in the throat, and have the strongest and sweetest fragrance of all the freesias. Corolla broadly funnel-shaped, 20-30 mm long, and are almost actinomorphic (radially symmetrical). In fact this is an easy way to identify this species as the others are more obviously irregular. The fruit is a lightly warty capsule of hard, rounded, shiny seeds.

Native region outside Europe:

South Africa


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Co]


Images (13 images)
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-0.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-1.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-2.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-3.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-4.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-5.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-6.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-7.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-8.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-9.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-10.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-11.
   Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba   -   Image Code: FREAL-12.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

The Plant List

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive


Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

  Online Purchase (Seeds)
Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without and tedious adverts. Please bear in mind that a large and updated website about the flora of Malta requires lot of time and work.   Online Donation


Submit further info on this species
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the Nomenclature section). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, silly typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   10 + 9 =     This website is about
          





MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2018)