by Stephen Mifsud
   20 Oct 2019      ()
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Scandix pecten-veneris   (Shepherd's needle)

Scandix pecten-veneris   (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Scandix pecten-veneris retrieved from on 2019-Oct-20

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Scandix pecten-veneris L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 256 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Pecten veneris Lam.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Shepherd's needle, Venus' comb, Stork's needle

Maltese name(s) :

Maxxita, Moxtija

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Rocky ground, typically scrub and garigue

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Low garigue and steppe often close to agricultural areas and not close to the sea

Botanical Description:

Up to 50 cm. Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate, with linear lobes. Rays 1-3. Bracts absent or rarely few; bracteoles sometimes with membranous margins, simple or irregularly divided, with jagged teeth, often with patent hairs. Outer petals often somewhat enlarged and radiate. Fruit 15-80 mm, usually large and robust; beak usually longer than seed-bearing part of fruit, more or less strongly flattened dorsally.

Distributional range:

W., C. & S. Europe, extending as a casual northwards to 66° N. in Fennoscandia.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Denmark, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sicily and/or Malta, Sweden, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ab(A N) AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au(A) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu dCa(C F G H L P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Ga(F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(G S) Hu Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(M) Mk Po Rf(CS) Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [By Es aFe aNo Rf(E) Uk(U)]

Images (12 images)
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-0.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-1.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-2.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-3.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-4.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-5.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-6.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-7.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-8.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-9.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-10.
   Scandix pecten-veneris   -   Image Code: SDXPV-11.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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