MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   19 Apr 2019      ()
External Links:
 


Allium cepa   (Garden Onion)


Allium cepa   (AMARYLLIDACEAE .) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Website FORUM
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Amaryllidaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Allium cepa retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 2019-Apr-19

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Allium cepa L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 301 (1753)

Synonyms :

Basionym or principal synonym: Cepa vulgaris Garsault
Full list of synonyms : [ Euro+Med ]   [ PlantList ]   [ IPNI ]   [ Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family 27 Amaryllidaceae species recorded from Malta.
Jaume St.-Hil

English name(s) :

Garden Onion, Bulb Onion

Maltese name(s) :

Basla

Status for Malta :

Cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but can be found in the wild as an escapee

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (Bulbous/Rhizomatous plants)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

Apr-Jun

Colour of Flowers:

White

Habitat :

Agricultural areas, sometimes as an escape from dumped onions


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated on a field scale throughout most of Europe for its edible bulbs (onions). Ocassionally, found growing from dumped onions in disturbed areas or outside field borders.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Agricultural areas, sometimes as an escape from dumped onions

Botanical Description:

Bulbs varying in size and shape from cultivar to cultivar, often depressed-globose and up to 10 cm in diameter; outer tunics membranous. Stem up to 100 cm and up to 30 mm in diameter, tapering from inflated lower part. Leaves up to 10, up to 40 cm and up to 20 mm in diameter, usually almost semicircular in section and slightly flattened on upper side, basal in first year, in second year their bases sheathing the lower 1/6 of the stem. Spathe often 3-valved, persistent, shorter than the umbel. Umbel 4-9 cm in diameter, subglobose or hemispherical, dense, many-flowered; pedicels up to 40 mm, almost equal. Perianth stellate; segments 3-4·5 × 2-2·5 mm, white, with green stripe, slightly unequal, the outer ovate, the inner oblong, obtuse or acute. Stamens exserted; filaments 4-5 mm, the outer subulate, the inner with an expanded base up to 2 mm wide and shortly toothed on each side. Ovary whitish. Capsule c. 5 mm.

Chromosome number:

2n=16

Distributional range:

All Europe

Native region outside Europe:

Eurasia


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All Europe

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Bt By Eg Ga Hs It Ju Rf(C E N NW S) Uk(K U)]


Images (6 images)
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-0.
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-1.
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-2.
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-3.
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-4.
   Allium cepa   -   Image Code: ALLCP-5.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

The Plant List

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive


Buy Seeds and Docs
Seeds of wild plants for sale for studies, trials, research, or personal use. Note that not all species' seeds can be exported (depending on Maltese regulations and CITES). Availability depends on season. For these reasons you are kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

  Online Purchase (Seeds)
Buy images found in this large collection of Maltese flora. Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Please note that all images are copyright of the author. Buying images for your projects will support this website. To buy images please take not of the image code specific for every image (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development. Please bear in mind how much hard work such a large and up-to-date website about the flora of Malta requires.   Online Donation


Submit further info on this species
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the Nomenclature section). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, silly typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
 
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
 
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   70 + 5 =     This website is about
          





MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / www.MaltaWildPlants.com - (2002-2018)